Image of a 3d foot
July 13, 2017

Functions of an Orthotic

Jamie Fullerton
Head Physiotherapist
Lady performing exercise using resistant band
Ever wondered about the functions of an orthotic? We explain the benefits and facts of this treatment in our latest blog post.

An orthotic device (or inner sole to the layman) has many functions and are not just used for sports and performance. They are used to alter or modify foot function to treat and support various

Treatment for people with diabetes:

Neuropathy is a frequent complication in diabetics, most commonly in the extremities. This can lead to the loss of sensation in the feet, resulting in the patient being unable to feel hot or cold sensations, or unable to feel pain. This can also lead to complications further up the kinetic chain of the lower limb, as the foot’s shock absorbing mechanism (known as pronation to most) kicks into overdrive causes excessive internal rotation.

Foot pain sufferers:

Over 75% of people will suffer from some form of foot pain throughout their lifetime. Whether it be down to poor foot posture, an injury or work-related stress orthotics are used to alleviate the pain and correct the dysfunction by off-loading the painful structure.

Arthritis sufferers:

This can be included in the above. As arthritis is a destructive joint condition, multiple painful areas can develop. Foot orthoses can be used to offload the inflamed joint and encourage correct movement patterns, therefore the irritation is not compounded. Obviously, we cannot cure arthritis as it is a ‘wear and tear’ condition, but we can make sufferers much more comfortable. The overall result being enhanced mobility and retained strength. This results in fewer ‘flare ups’ and the ability to continue to strengthen and re-enforce the joint.

Treatment for neurological disorders:

Orthotics can be utilised in the management of neurological disorders resulting in spasticity in the limbs. An Ankle-foot Orthosis (AFO) is a brace/splint which crosses foot and ankle joints to correct the position of the foot and maintain movement at the ankle. The aim being to re position the limb with the contracted muscles into a more functional position.

If you would like to book in for a Biomechanical assessment or for any long term injury you think may be related to your biomechanics then don’t hesitate to call us on 0151 559 1107 or email 

Are you struggling with an injury or pain that has been troubling you for too long?